We'd like to thank Certenberg Vineyards in Voca, Texas, for
allowing us to photograph their drip irrigation system.
Drip irrigation is a slow drip or trickle of water applied frequently or steadily to the soil area near the plant's roots. Drip irrigation can be used at any level from home to commercial and farm.
Advantages of drip irrigation include water and energy savings resulting in money saved. Drip irrigation also allows the user to automate the system. Since less soil is watered, fewer weeds grow. Chemicals can be applied directly to roots. Water can be done on steep slopes and areas not usually suitable for irrigation. Finally, plant stress is reduced because moisture level is constant.
Some disavantages associated with drip irrigation are clogging and salt buildup. Maintenance is a necessary and can be a bit more involved than with other modes of irrigation.
Three types of systems exist:
- Double-walled tubing: simplest and least expensive
- Single-walled tubing: has built in, inserted, or attached emitters.
- Soaker Hose: Uses porous tubing
Components of a Drip Irrigation System are:
- A mainline
- A chemigation unit
- A filter unit
- A pressure regulator
- the laterals
- The emitters
Several types of filter are available.